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What is Software Defined Storage? – Definition, Benefits And More

What is Software Defined Storage? - Definition, Benefits And More

Definition Software-Defined Storage

Software-Defined Storage (SDS) is a storage design that separates storage software from your hardware. Unlike traditional network-attached storage (NAS) or storage area network (SAN) systems, SDS runs on any x86 or industry-standard system, and thus software does not depend on the proprietary hardware.

Separating your storage software from your hardware allows you to expand your storage capacity as you like and when you see fit, so you don’t have to strain to add another piece of proprietary hardware. It also lets you downgrade or upgrade your hardware to previous versions whenever you want. The SDS places tremendous flexibility in your hands.

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It is the main idea. Suppose you have a different set of X86 servers. Each one has a different storage capacity, and each needs a different kind of storage software to function. The SDS allows you to remove the storage capacity of these inflexible pieces of hardware and bring them all together in one place that is infinitely flexible and scalable. With SDS, you can expand your storage capacity almost instantly, making it cost-effective, flexible, and scalable. But SDS doesn’t create a cloud (we’ll discuss this later).

SDS is part of a larger ecosystem, broadly defined as “all software-defined,” where all software is separate from all hardware. This separation guarantees the freedom to choose what hardware to buy and how much storage you need.

In most cases, the SDS must have:

How does software-defined storage work?

Traditional, old-school storage is monolithic. Sold as a set of hardware (which is usually the industry standard) and proprietary software. But the worth of SDS lies in its independence from any specific hardware.

SDS does not separate storage itself from the hardware. Rather, SDS is merely one level of your technology stack that provides many services using industry-standard servers, rather than proprietary hardware.

The SDS extracts the elements that control the storage requests, and not what is stored. It is a level of software between physical storage and data request that allows you to manipulate the way and place where data is stored. The SDS driver software provides access services to storage, network connections, and connectivity. The most important feature of the SDS driver software is that it does not make assumptions about the capacity or usefulness of the underlying hardware.


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