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A Detailed Guide on Ergonomics

A Detailed Guide on Ergonomics

Ergonomics – Many people keep complaining about workplace injuries. It declines the productivity ratio and performance. Moreover, if these injuries are not examined at the correct time, then it can become a permanent and long-lasting injury.

This is where the role of practicing ergonomics arrives into the picture. Today, in this article, we are going to share with you a detailed guide on the ergonomics. Before we get in detail, let us first understand what exactly ergonomics is.

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What is Ergonomics?

Ergonomics is the study of the effectiveness of the people in their work surroundings. It is often believed that ergonomics is related to the sitting position or designs. But, there’s much more than this.

It is also about designing something that involves the usage of workspace, health, and people. The core aim of the ergonomics is to enhance the working environment and reduce the chances of having an injury.

Moreover, with the advancement of technology, there are multiple products and tools manufactured. The design of these tools is according to the human body requirements.

What Are Different Types of Ergonomics?

What Are Different Types of Ergonomics

Within ergonomics, there are three different types of ergonomics.

  1. Physical Ergonomics

The first type is the physical ergonomics. This specific type deals with human anatomy, biomechanical, and anthropometric characteristics.

Physical ergonomics comprises of working posture, cyclic movements, and musculoskeletal disorders, workspace design, safety, and more.

  1. Organizational Ergonomics

Organizational Ergonomics is regarding the organization structures, methods, work designs, teamwork, and anything that is sociotechnical systems. Besides, organizational ergonomics also work with quality management.

  1. Cognitive Ergonomics

Last but not least comes the Cognitive Ergonomics, which primarily focuses on mental processes, like logical reasoning, motor response, decision-making, skilled performance, and the interaction of human-computer.

Why is Ergonomics Important?

  • There are many reasons why ergonomics is important. One of them is the decline rate of productivity among the employees. There have been subsequent cases, and medical leaves among the employees and the reason are the musculoskeletal disorders.


  • Lower back pain is a general work-related disability, which affects the employees. The aim of the ergonomics is to create a safe environment where the human’s health is safe.


  • When the employees are physically and mentally weak, they end with frustration for not giving their best. During such times, the ergonomic accessories like laptop arm, monitor arm appears. This shall improve the quality of your work.


  • Another great benefit of having ergonomics inside your workplace is improving the employee’s engagement. The workers are always noticing how the company is putting their efforts for their comfort.


For this, the employer can invest in a superior quality of accessories. It will reduce fatigue and discomfort throughout the day. Besides, the interaction among the employees also increases.

  • A company or organizations commitment towards the employees matter largely. It boosts their morale and works extra harder to achieve the objectives.

By practicing ergonomics or installing them, it reflects how the company is consistently looking out for safety and health.

Thus, it fosters toward the healthy growth of the employees and the organization’s performance.

Basic How-To Guide For Ergonomics

Above, we have mentioned about various type of ergonomics. Hence, now we are in the last part of understanding the most common type where we all commit the mistake and sometimes avoid it.

If you are someone who sits consistently at the desk for hours, then it is high time to conduct the correct ergonomics.

All set to alter your workplace? Then get started now!

  1. Desk and Chair

Ensure that your desk has nothing underneath. This is will keep your knees and feet safe. Alongside, if the desk is too low, then make sure it is adjustable. Use the footrest under the foot for extra support. Never store items under your desk. If the surface is pretty hard, then get a pad to keep under your arms.

For the chair, get the one that offers lumbar support to your spinal cord. While sitting, your hips should be at the back of your chair and parallel to the knees. The adjustable armrests are benefiting as your shoulders stay relaxed, and arms can rest.

  1. Monitor and Keyboard

The monitor should be kept directly in front of you at arm’s length. Moreover, the top of the screen should be at the eye level or tad below. In case, if you are wearing the bifocals tilt down the monitor to make it comfortable.

The keyboard and mouse should be kept within the range. Even, while typing, keep your wrists straight and hands little below the elbows. Moreover, keep the upper arms close to your body. For more convenience, use the keyboard shortcuts to decrease the usage of the mouse.

  1. Limit Phone Usage

Often, people end up bending their head towards the screen, every time they are using the laptop or computer. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you don’t hold the head for a prolonged period of time. Because, if you don’t, then it will cause neck and joint injuries for a long duration.

  1. Walk Around

As much as the accessories matter largely, one also has to perform the physical ergonomics. And that is to walk around every 20 minutes. When you sit continuously for hours, the fatigue will creep upon, thereby causing more pain.

Hence, follow the 20:20 rule. It is simple, every 20 minutes, get up and stretch around for 20 seconds or walk.

  1. Stand More

With the help of sit and stand workstation, it becomes possible to stand more. Many fitness bands give you the time duration of standing or notification. You can set the alarm that will remind you to get up and engage in the activities. This will improve your posture and boost up the productivity.

Ergonomics might seem to be difficult to practice. However, when you maintain consistency and discipline, you will certainly experience the benefits. In the above-mentioned blog, we have jotted down a detailed guide about it. Hope that it helps and you put it into the practice. If you like the blog, then share, and drop the suggestions in the comment section below.

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