CVSS (Common Vulnerability Scoring System) is a classification designed to provide an open and standard method that allows estimating the impact derived from vulnerabilities identified in Information Technology.
That is, it helps to quantify the severity that these vulnerabilities can represent. Currently, it uses version 2, although the third one is already in development.
CVSS is composed of three groups of metrics; Base, Temporary, and Environmental, each consisting of a set of metrics.
The description of these group metrics are as follows:
The primary purpose of the CVSS base group is to communicate and define the fundamental characteristics of a vulnerability.
This objective focuses on characterizing vulnerabilities to provide users with a clear and intuitive representation of a vulnerability.
And also, users can invoke the temporary and environmental groups to provide contextual information, which more accurately reflects the risk to a unique environment.
This allows for more informed decisions when trying to mitigate the risks of vulnerabilities.
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When the base metrics have assigned values, the base equation calculates a score with a range from 0 to 10, and it creates a vector.
The vector facilitates the “open” nature of the framework. It is a string of text containing the assigned values for each metric and the use of it is to communicate exactly how the score derives for each vulnerability. Therefore the vector must always be shown with the vulnerability score.
Likewise, if it needs an environmental score, the environmental equation could combine the environmental metrics with the temporary score to produce an environmental score with a range from 0 to 10.
Various organizations are using CVSS, and each of them finding value in different ways.
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