Engineering and Technology have important effects on business operations. No matter the size of an enterprise, they provide both tangible and intangible benefits that will help to make money and produce the results the customers of the enterprise demands. Infusion of engineering and technological advancements affects the structure, the culture, the efficiency, and the relationships in business for the greater good. It also affects the security of confidential information and trade advantages making them more protected. Therefore, engineers and graduates with high technological know-how will be in demand in the future.

The best option for a student to get into the technical field is to pursue an Engineering degree. With that, let us investigate the field of engineering and technology in two of the big states in India – West Bengal and Telangana. For somebody looking into joining for engineering in the state of West Bengal, the WBJEE(West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) is the best bet. And for admissions in Telangana State, go for EAMCET (Engineering, Agricultural & Medical Common Entrance Test).

The State of West Bengal:

The Engineering industry has traditionally been of high importance in the state. Howrah, known as the Sheffield of East, is the hub of engineering and shipbuilding firms located by the side of the Hooghly river. A wide range of opportunities is available for the students getting into the Engineering field. About 60% of the engineering exports from the eastern side of the country is from West Bengal. Port connectivity via Kolkata and Haldia is an added advantage of the state.

Admissions are through the WBJEE, the centralized test conducted by the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations board within the control of the state government, offering seats in various private and governmental institutions in the state.

One weak area of the state has been its IT (Information Technology) industry. But the situation has changed drastically as recent governments have created a favourable environment for the growth of the sector. The result has been an improvement in leaps and bounds in the industry. Bangla is thus gradually turning into a hotbed of cutting-edge technology. They have been focussing more on the creation of IT hardware clusters and investing huge amounts into making IT parks. The Department is bringing about all-round development thus opening huge employment opportunities, both in hardware and software.

The State of Telangana

The Telangana state was formed in the year 2014 post the splitting up of Andhra Pradesh. The state conducts a common entrance test for undergraduate courses in Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Sciences known as the TS EAMCET. The state is highly capable in the field due to the benefits it acquired during the split.

The earlier capital city of Hyderabad is a part of Telangana, though it will remain as a joint capital for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for 10 years from the split. The state holds an added advantage as it already possesses ready made capital with the necessary infrastructure and an established ecosystem. Hyderabad was ranked second among the top 20 global cities in CMI (City Momentum Index) 2019. The city of Hyderabad is one of the largest hubs in the country for information technology and pharmaceutical sectors. Therefore, there lies numerous employment opportunities and career prospects in the state in the engineering and technology industry for students entering the field through TS EAMCET.

Benefits of Technology

Technology provides a wide array of benefits for industries and businesses. Let us look into some of the advantages it brings forth that explains why other states need to follow the examples of West Bengal and Telangana and start investing in the fields of engineering and technology.

The efficiency of Operations

A Business can monitor its cash flow needs in real-time with the help of technology. This helps in saving precious resources such as time and physical space. Inventory management lets business owners understand how to manage the storage costs of holding a product. It also helps executives in saving time and money by holding meetings over the Internet instead of going to corporate headquarters.


Businesses and industries in the modern era are always subject to security threats and vandalism. Technology will be useful to protect financial data, confidential executive decisions, and other proprietary information. This helps the business to maintain its competitive advantages. Simply put, it helps businesses keep their ideas away from their competition.

Research Capacity

An enterprise that has the technological capacity to research new opportunities will stay a step ahead of its competition. For any business to survive, it must be continuously growing while also searching for and acquiring new opportunities. Today’s technological advancements allow a company to virtually travel into new markets anywhere around the world without the costs of travel or building new infrastructure.

Business Culture and Relations

Technology can help in building a team dynamic and mentality within a business because employees working at different locations can have better and constant interactions with each other. Tensions and distrust among colleagues are less likely to evolve if there are constant communication and updates, for example, factory managers can communicate with shipment coordinators at different locations. Cliques and social tensions are a nightmare for any business owner, but with the aid of technology, such issues can be resolved as it often helps workers put their different backgrounds aside.