The semicolon (;) indicates a pause greater than the one marked by the comma and less than the one indicated by the period.
There are others, such as question marks (?), Colon (:), exclamation marks (!), And so on. They all operate on the same basis and exist to make writing a much richer and more precise language. Another very common punctuation mark is the ellipsis; these have multiple uses that you can know in greater detail in the post where the correct use of the ellipsis is explained. Here we will focus only on the three main ones: the semicolon, the semicolon.
A simile that I love to explain the difference between these three elements is musical language. The comma would be equivalent to an eighth note, which is equivalent to half time, the semicolon would be equivalent to a black one since it is equivalent to one time while the point would be a white one, which is equivalent to two times.
Semicolon in compound sentences or complex enumerations. In general, to separate the elements of an enumeration when it comes to complex expressions that include commas. It is tremendously useful when making detailed descriptions.
Another use is to separate syntactically independent sentences between which there is a close semantic relationship:
It was necessary for the hospital to remain open all night; We had to take turns.
Everyone home; there is nothing more to do.
To separate the basics of an enumeration when it comes to complex expressions that include commas.
To separate juxtaposed propositions, especially when the comma uses in these.
In many of these cases, you could choose to separate periods with a period and followed. The choice of the semicolon or the semicolon depends on the semantic link between the sentences or propositions. If the link is weak, it is preferred to use a semicolon; while, if it is more solid, it is convenient to opt for the semicolon.
It would also be possible to separate the periods above with two points since they almost always underlie the same relationships expressed. (Let us not forget that the two points are used to connect sentences or related statements without the need to use another link).
Links like this is, that is, that is, finally, finally, therefore, however, however, in addition, in that case, therefore, instead, first, and also, sometimes, Certain adverbs or phrases that perform the function of sentence modifiers, as generally, perhaps, possibly, effectively, finally, ultimately, as a rule, placed at the beginning of a sentence, are separated from the rest by a comma.
A semicolon, instead of a comma, is usually placed in front of conjunctions or conjunctive locutions such as but, more, and, although, as well as, however, therefore, in short, etc., when the periods have a certain length and lead the proposition they affect.
If the blocks are not very long, the comma is preferred.
Likewise, if the periods have a considerable length, it is better to separate them with a period and followed.
The semicolon is used to separate sentences from a period when commas have already used in their midst.
The semicolon is used to separate syntactically (orderly, structurally) independent sentences, among which there is a close semantic relationship (of meaning), for example, of cause and effect or fact and consequence (Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of doubts, 2005), as well as, in the middle of those sentences in which the second explains, expands, justifies and clarifies, the first.
A semicolon is written before the adversary, concessional or consecutive connectors, such as: but, more, though, however, therefore, therefore, that is, therefore …, when the sentences that begin have a certain length.
The semicolon is used at the end of each of the statements in a list or relationship, when they are written in independent lines and each of them begins to be written in lowercase, except the last one, which would end in a period.
To make the drawing, they must bring:
The first documented semicolon in history belongs to the Italian printer Aldo Manutius, and dates from 1494. Manutius popularized the use of semicolons to separate words of opposite meaning. The trajectory of the semicolon has not always been a path of roses.
Since, for example, the famous writer George Orwell refused to use it. In modern times, it is often used to join related clauses. The first English writer who used the semicolon in all his work was Ben Jonson; and among many others, the American E.E. Cummings
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