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What is HTML? – Definition, Functions, And History

What is HTML? – Definition, Functions, And History

Definition HTML

Hypertext Markup Language(HTML) is a Programming language for documents and files useful to display in a web browser. You can use other technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets and scripting languages such as JavaScript.

HTML is a markup language that we use for the development of Internet pages. It is the acronym that corresponds to HyperText Markup Language, that is, Hypertext Markup Language. Which means it is a Document Format Language for Hypertext.

It is an open format that emerged from SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) tags. The concept generally translated as “Generalized Markup Language Standard” and understood as a system that allows ordering and labeling various documents within a list. This language is the one used to specify the names of the labels that we will use when ordering; there are no rules for this organization, that is why it is said to be an open format system.

HTML is in charge of developing a description of the contents that appear as texts. And their structure, complementing the text with various objects (such as photographs, animations, etc.).

It is a primary and general language that serves to define other languages ​​that have to do with the format of the documents. The text in it is useful from labels, also familiar as tags, that allow various concepts and formats to be interconnected.

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For the writing of this language, we need to create labels that are specific through square brackets or angle brackets: <and>. Among its components, the elements shape the essential structure of the language. Since they have two properties (the content itself and its attributes).

The HTML allows specific codes that are familiar as scrips. Which provide specific instructions to browsers that are responsible for processing the language. Among the scripts that can get added, the best known and used are JavaScript and PHP.

Structural marking is what stipulates the purpose of the text, although it does not define how the element will look. On the other hand, the presentational markup is in charge of pointing out how the text will look beyond its function.

To know the HTML code that a web page uses, you have to select View source code in our browser (such as Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox). Choosing this option will open the text editor with the HTML code of the page that we view.

A Brief History of HTML

This language was developed by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in 1945 to develop a storage system where things were not lost. Which could connect through hyperlinks. First, they created a device naming”memex,” which was considered a supplement to memory.

Subsequently, Douglas Engelbart designed a computerized work environment that would be called the Online System. Which had a catalog to facilitate the search task within the same organism.

In 1965, Ted Nelson coined the term hyperlink, devising a structure that was electronically connected that later allow the creation of the World Wide Web (1989). A hypertext system through which it was possible to share varied information using the Internet (used for communication between nuclear researchers who were part of CERN).

The American Tim Berners-Lee was the first to propose an HTML description in a document he published in 1991. There he described twenty-two components that suppose the most basic and simple HTML design.

To understand the type of coding used for the development of this hyperlink system, both by dumb computers and mega-stations. It was necessary to create a simple one, both in terms of the language of exchange (HTML), like the one referring to network protocol (HTTP).

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